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As one of the longest inhabited countries in the world, the land of Syria has a marked role in the history of Islam. Moreso, every lover of the Ahlul Bayt yearns to give salutations to the those personalities who safeguarded the religion of Islam . Sayyedah Zainab is not only known as the saviour of Imamat but also the one who spoke as eloquently as her father. Even when in distress, she managed to use words to wake the Islam within the people of Damascus striking fear into the tyrant.

"You shall never be able to obliterate our mention." - Sayyedah Zainab (as) in the courtyard of Yazid.

Since 2012, Syria has been under political strife and civil war. As of late, Zawaars have been able  visit the shrines and places of Ziyarat within Damascus. Even though one should always be vigilant, Damascus (city) and Sayyedah Zainab area are relatively safe with multiple checkpoints along the route.



After witnessing the death of her loved ones in Kerbala, Sayyedah Zainab (as) was made to walk from Kerbala to Damscus in chains, while being abused along the way. She buried many children in her care, who could not endure the harsh conditions of the journey. And even through this great suffering, Sayyedah Zainab (as) remained steadfast in her purpose, and continued on with great patience. She propagated the message along her journey, and woke the hearts of the people of Damascus.  It is said, that when Gibraeel revealed the name of Sayyedah Zainab upon her birth to the Prophet (saw), he wept and said: "O Prophet of Allah. From early on in life this girl will remain entangled in tribulations and trials in this world. First she will weep over your separation (from this world); thereafter she will bemoan the loss of her mother, then her father, and then her brother Hassan. After all this she will be confronted with the trials of the land of Karbala and the tribulations of that lonely desert, as a result of which her hair will turn gray and her back will be bent."


Sayyedah Sakinah (as) was the beloved daughter of Imam Hussein (as) who accompanied him to Kerbala. Thirsty and hungry for three days, she had to watch her family go into the battlefield and not return. Later, when she was finally given water, she pined for her baby brother Hazrat Ali Asghar (as) who was martyred thirsty. On her journey from Kerbala to Damascus, she was further abused and even forced to travel with chains around her neck. Finally, in the prison cells of Damasus, she cried so fiercely for her father, that Yazid sent her the head of Imam Hussein so that he could sleep peacefully. She passed away that night clinging to her father’s head. 


Known as the Ummayyad Mosque, Imam Hussein's (as) family was brought here and paraded in front of the people of Damascus. It was here that Sayyedah Zainab (as) and Imam Ali ibn Hussein (as) addressed the people and woke them to the truth of Yazid.There is a room beside the courtyard where one can see the space where Imam Ali ibn Hussein (as) was chained and Imam Hussein's (as) head along with the other martyrs of Kerbala were displayed for all to see. Hazrat Yahya (as) is also buried in the mosque.


Bab as Saghir is the final resting place for many notable personalities in Islam including Janabe Fizza, and Prophet Muhammad's (saw) muezzin Bilal Al-Habashi. There is an area where Sayyedah Zainab (as) held the first majlis to mourn the tragedy of Kerbala. Here, a well dug by Imam Ali ibn Hussein (as) provided water to give ghusl to the heads of Hazrat Abbas (as) and Imam Hussein (as) as well as the heads of the other martyrs of Kerbala. It is narrated by some scholars that these heads were then burried here. 


Known as the "Bazaar of Shaam", Imam Hussein's (as) family were dragged through the streets in chains and abused by the onlookers who threw stones and hot boiling water at them. At the end of the bazaar, they were made to wait for three days before entering the palace of Yazid, while they watched  people decorate the town to celebrate their capture. 


Hujr Ibn Adi was a companion of Imam Ali (as). His was sentenced to death by Muawiyah for refusal to curse Imam Ali (as). Several narrations exist of his high status due to his love of the Ahlul Bayt (as). One narration states that Sayyedah Zainab (as) that her Ziyarat is incomplete if the person reciting it does not visit Hujr ibn Adi and recite his Ziyarat too.
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